Malaria, Causes, symptoms and prevention

Malaria is the most common “killer” disease and has been reported to cause at least one million deaths annually (WHO, 2005). Malaria is caused by the parasitic Plasmodium species especial P. falciparum which is transmitted by the bite of an infected female Anopheles Mosqui (vector). Of all malaria parasites, P. falciparum is responsible for the potentially life threatening ” malarial infection.
In the tropics e.g. Nigeria malaria is prevalent during the raining season. This is due to the high level of humidity as well as increase in the number of breeding sites of the mosquitoes. This ultimately results in increase in the disease incidence.
Malaria has wide range of signs and symptoms including; fever, headache, diarrhoea, aches and pains, abdominal cramps, cough, tachypnea (rapid breathing)-etc.
Malaria although lethal is both preventable and treatable. Early diagnosis and treatment o malaria is lifesaving. Diagnosis is based on clinical signs and symptoms and confirmed b; examining blood films in the medical laboratory.
It is vital to note that babies, children and pregnant women are vulnerable to malaria so it is advisable to protect them from mosquito bite. Something as simple as a mosquito net can save a child’s life. Prophylactic actions against malaria include;
i. Taking antimalarial drugs,
ii. Using mosquito nets and rcpellants.
iii. Destroying mosquitos using insecticides.
Rockel laboratory and diagnostic centre wishes that you stay healthy this season and advices that you employ healthy living practices. We advise pregnant women to run malaria tests and start treatment if they are positive.

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